It is my understanding from checking w/several reliable sources that if your car has an aftermarket tuner installed whether it's returned to stock tune, or flashed w/one of the upgraded tunes it can be detected. If the tech connects the OEM computer to your car for diagnostic reasons, software updates, etc. there will be "bread crumbs" indicating the car has the tuner installed. With the sophistication/technology in vehicles these days it's not hard to determine if something has been changed from stock IE: fuel/air ratio's, rev limits, turbo boost, etc., etc. all of the changes that most stage tunes will do. All of that data will remain in the "black box" of the car and can be retrieved.